High alpine meadows descend to coniferous and deciduous forests. The highest one is Botev peak (2376 meters). The Rhodope Mountains run across the borders of Bulgaria, Macedonia and northern Greece, and the Pindus Mountains extend from Albania down through central and western Greece. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use Privacy Policy. Before that, the ancient people called it Haimon, Haimos, Hemus (Thracian origin) which meant ridge, border.

Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! Measured from the East to West this mountain range is at least 348 miles long. 10. The Balkan Mountains are divided into three regions: western, central, and eastern. Shipka Pass: Gabrovo–Kazanlak(also railroad) 6. The Botev peak is the third highest point in Bulgaria after the Rila and Pirin. There are 31 peaks over 2000 meters located within the mountain’s territory. The Bulgarian Khan Krum had attacked the Byzantine army on the 26th July 811 at the Varbitsa Pass in the Eastern Balkan Mountain. The Balkan Mountains form the major divide between the Danube River (north) and the Maritsa River (south) and are crossed by about 20 passes (notably Shipka Pass), by several railway lines, and by the Iskŭr River. In the north, from the mouth of the Kupa River into the Sava River, the northern boundary continues up the Sava Valley to the Ljubljana basin in Slovenia to the meeting point of the Dinarid range and the Alps.

Although no longer a barrier to movement, except in winter, when snow cover is deep, the range is a climatic barrier between the continental climate of the Danube River valley and the transitional continental climate south of the mountains. Some content of the original page may have been edited to make it more suitable for younger readers, unless otherwise noted. Mountain towns such as Veliko Tŭrnovo were focuses for early Bulgarian nationalist movements in the 19th century. Your email address will not be published. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica.

3. 7. There are paved roads crossing Stara Planina at the following passes (listed from west to east): 1. Vitinya Pass: Hemus motorway (A2), Sofia–Botevgrad 4. Curious facts about the mountain. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The average height of the range is 2,345 feet above sea level. 6. The word Balkan is Turkish and means “mountain,” and the peninsula is certainly dominated by this type of landform, especially in the west. The whole peninsula was named after it.

Content of this web page is sourced from wikipedia ( http://simple.wikipedia.org). The Balkan Mountains range divides Bulgaria into northern and southern halves.

Raysko Pruskalo (Heavenly Spray waterfall) and Skaklya are … This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Balkan-Mountains, Center for Educational Technologies - The Balkans. Vratnik Pass: Elena–Sliven 8. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... What major world city lies in both Asia and Europe? Iskar Gorge (Iskarski prolom ): Sofia–Vratsa(also railroad) 3.

On the territory of the Balkan Mountain had happened another great battle, at the Shipka peak, the fight for the liberation of Bulgaria from Ottoman slavery.

The mountain has typical alpine relief.

2. The highest peak on the Balkan peninsula is Musala in the Rila mountains near Sofia (Rila range), with 2,925 m, closely followed by Mount Olympus in Greece and Vihren (Pirin range). 9.

2.

Petrohan Pass: Sofia–Montana 2. New Zealand musician Thomas Oliver sang the Bulgarian mountains. Kotel Pass (Kotlenski prohod): Kotel–Petolachka (Pentagram) … Content is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. 1. Mineral resources include bituminous and anthracite coal, graphite, and metallic ores, and there are thermal and mineral springs. The Balkan Mountains lie east-west across Bulgaria, the Rhodope Mountains extend along the Greek-Bulgarian border, and the Dinaric range extends down the Adriatic coast to Albania. Raysko Pruskalo (Heavenly Spray waterfall) and Skaklya are amongst the most beautiful in the country. The range extends from the Timok River valley near the Yugoslav (Serbian) border, spreading out eastward for about 330 miles (530 km) into several spurs, rising to 7,795 feet (2,376 m) at Botev peak, and breaking off abruptly at Cape Emine on the Black Sea. Provide feedback on this article in our Balkan Mountains Forum, https://wiki.kidzsearch.com/w/index.php?title=Balkan_Mountains&oldid=5003036. There are 31 peaks over 2000 meters located within the mountain’s territory.

Updates? Three of the peninsula's geographical boundaries are maritime: the Black Sea in the east, the Aegean Sea in the south, and the Adriatic Sea in the west.

Suleiman Pasha had made last abortive effort to capture the Shipka Pass then and to open the way to the besieged town of Pleven. 3. Later some of its ridges received different names – Silver Mountain, Matornite Gori (The Matorni Woods). Before that, the ancient people called it Haimon, Haimos, Hemus (Thracian origin) which meant ridge, border. The balkan state's mountains Numerous mountains ranges are found in the Balkans including the namesake Balkan Mountains that extend from Yugoslavia across Bulgaria. The highest one is Botev peak (2376 meters). Stara Planina (The Old Mountain) is the newest name of the mountain in Bulgarian. Corrections?

The highest peaks of the Stara planina itself are in central Bulgaria.

5. The Balkan Peninsula is the easternmost of the three great European peninsulas. 4. Its whole length is more than 550 kilometres, throughout the whole extension of Bulgaria.

More than 600 caves are explored in the region.Aamongst them are some of the most picturesque in Bulgaria – Ledenika and Temnata dupka (The dark hole).

Your email address will not be published. The Balkan Mountain is the mountain with most fogs and strongest winds in Bulgaria. Pass of the Republic (Prohod na republikata): Veliko Tarnovo – Gurkovo 7. The Balkan Mountain is not the official, but the widespread name of the mountain. Mineral resources include bituminous and anthracite coal, graphite, and metallic ores, and there are thermal and mineral springs. (The others are the Iberian and the Apennine Peninsulas.)

The Western Balkan rises at the Vrashka Chuka Pa… Later some of its ridges received different names – Silver Mountain, Matornite Gori (The Matorni Woods). Rainfall exceeds 40 inches (1,000 mm) on the range, with long, severe winters. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The Balkan Mountains form the major divide between the Danube River (north) and the Maritsa River (south) and are crossed by about 20 passes (notably Shipka Pass), by several railway lines, and by the Iskŭr River. The Balkan range runs 560 km from eastern Serbia eastward through central Bulgaria to Cape Emine on the Black Sea. The exceptional victory gave to Bulgaria superiority upon the South-Eastern Europe for ages.

The Balkan mountain range (Bulgarian and Serbian: Стара планина, Stara planina, "Old Mountain") is an extension of the Carpathian mountain range, separated from it by the Danube River. 1.

The highest peak is Botev (2,376 m), in the Central Balkan National Park (established 1991).

High alpine meadows descend to coniferous and deciduous … Within the Balkan Mountain’s territory, there are also 18 waterfalls with height above 20 meters. The mountain is a natural border between the Northern and the Southern part of the modern Bulgarian state. Balkan Mountains, Bulgarian Stara Planina (“Old Mountains”), Latin Haemus, chief range of the Balkan Peninsula and Bulgaria and an extension of the Alpine-Carpathian folds. Omissions? 8.

Beklemeto Pass: Troyan–Karnare 5. The name Stara Planina (The Old Mountain) is mentioned for the first time in 1533 when a Dalmatian traveller described it with that name.

The Balkan Mountain is the mountain with most fogs and strongest winds in Bulgaria. The Balkan together with its foothills occupies an area of about 9,600 square miles.

Stara Planina (The Old Mountain) is the newest name of the mountain in Bulgarian. Within the Balkan Mountain’s territory, there are also 18 waterfalls with height above 20 meters. In Western Balkan Mountain is situated the largest Karst area of the mountain, famous with a variety of beautiful underground formations. The valleys and basins are suitable for agriculture, and there is a small tourist industry. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The westernmost par… There are paved roads crossing Stara Planina at the following passes (listed from west to east): Help Improve This Page: Please contact us to become an approved KidzSearch editor and provide your credentials. Nikephoros I, the Eastern Roman Emperor was taken captive and killed in front of the Bulgarian Khan.



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