However, the American Lion is generally considered to be the largest Felid ever (rivalled by the Smilodon Populator and the Cave Lion). American lion (Panthera atrox Leidy, 1853). male American lions would have averaged about 235 kg, females about 175 kg.

Smilodon Is heavier, stronger and has two huge canine teeth. The cave lionis an extinct subspecies of lionthat lived during the Pleistocene epoch in Europe.

[19][2][5], P. spelaea bone fragments excavated in Poland were radiocarbon dated to between the early and late Weichselian glaciation, and are between 109,000 and 57,000 years old.

Disadvantages: The landscape of late Pleistocene Europe was bleak, cold and bitter, especially in deep winter. Biological information Predicting body mass is, therefore, fundamental to understanding the biology of extinct species and to placing them within broader ecological contexts (Wroe et al. P. spelaea is known from Paleolithic cave paintings, ivory carvings, and clay figurines.These archaeological artifacts indicate that it may have been featured in Paleolithic religious rituals. [6], In 2015, two frozen cave lion cubs, estimated to be between 25,000 and 55,000 years old, were discovered close to the Uyandina River in Yakutia, Siberia in permafrost. One good sized bite from the Smilodon could easily put down the American lion so, I think it wins. Find out what other deviants think - about anything at all. American Lion needs to dodge Smilodon's teeth and be fast on bitting and scratching him, keeping away from his claws too. [39] In 2018, another preserved carcass of a cub was found in a location 15 m (49 ft) away.

Anyonge is cited since his equations are used to calculate the weight of Thylacoleo carnifex. 1 Facts 1.1 Physical characteristics 1.2 Behavior and Traits 2 In the series 2.1 Walking with Beasts 2.1.1 Mammoth Journey 3 Gallery The cave lions were related to the modern species, but not to other extinct cats, such as Dinofelis and Smilodon. It appeared in North America about 1.6 million years ago and later migrated down the west coast of the continent to Peru. One lived across western Europe and the other was restricted to Beringia during the Pleistocene. Smilodon populator. Actually the lions title as king of beasts is result of peoples historic views on both of the large felines,humans originated in Africa where they lived in fear of lions,and lions were also originally wide spread throughout the old world wheres the tiger only ever lived in Asia,also lions coming into contact with humans was also do to them living in open habitats,while the tigers were more elusive and difficult to find in his forested home. Share via Email Report Story Smilodon populator no contest, pound for pound it's the stronger cat and that's beside the fact it posses a 100 kg weight advantage. spelaea. Its mouth could open up to 120 degrees, whereas its closest living relative, Panthera leo, or lion, can only open its jaws to 65 degrees.

These cats may have been out of reach at that time, but they were common in Europe during the Ice Age. Potential common prey-size range for Panthera atrox from the late Pleistocene of southeastern Hidalgo, including the herbivores that have been reported at the El Barrio locality (HGO-47).

All cats are runners and killers, with some trade-off between two functions. The learner always begins by finding fault, but the scholar sees the positive merit in everything.

[19] Panthera spelaea evolved from P. fossilis about 460,000 years ago in central Europe during the late Saalian glaciation or early Eemian and would have been common throughout Eurasia from 450,000-14,000 years ago. 10 Prehistoric Battles That Could (and Probably Did) Happen. Smilodon fatalis. [12], Results from morphological studies indicate that it is distinct in cranial and dental anatomy to justify specific status of Panthera spelaea. [6][5] Mitochondrial DNA sequence data from fossil lion remains show that the American lion represents a sister group of P. spelaea, and likely arose when an early P. spelaea population became isolated south of the Cordilleran Ice Sheet about 340,000 years ago. Very powerful front legs and a short tail indicate that saber-toothed cats used stealth and ambush rather than speed to capture their prey. [25][26] P. spelaea had a relatively longer and narrower muzzle compared to that of the extant lion. Post Aug 13, 2009 #1 2009-08-13T07:34. Share. It was one of the keystone species of the mammoth steppe, being one of the main apex predators alongside grey wolf, cave hyena and brown bear. Two cave lions were later seen feeding on the carcass of a Cro-Magnon. [45] An Isotope analysis study suggested most sampled P. spelea specimens were primarily consuming reindeer. 29.

Later cave lions seem to have preyed foremost on reindeer, up to the brink of local extinction or extirpation of both species. The following cladogram shows the genetic relationship between P. spelaea and other pantherine cats. Cave paintings almost exclusively show hunting animals without a mane, suggesting that males were indeed maneless. In Yakutia's Khayrgas Cave, bones of P. spelaea were found together with remains of humans, wolf, reindeer, Pleistocene horse and fish in a layer dated 13,200–21,500 years old.

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