The Prophet asked for a pen and paper in order to write down some religious advice for the Muslims.

they were not united in their opposition to Muhammad writing something down during his illness. [2] [3] Differing views on the nature of the silenced order have also been used to further political arguments, in particular regarding the succession to Muhammad. The Event of Pen and Paper (Hadith al-Qirtas) – As understood by its Main Narrators. The obvious, visible and immediate interpretation of Umar's behavior is that he acted solely out of concern for the health and condition of Muhammad (as he saw most fit) due to his love and concern for Muhammad, by not having Muhammad burden himself during his present predicament of ill health. [citation needed], They refer back to the events of Ghadir and Da‘wat dhul-‘Ashīrah which show that Muhammad had already nominated Ali as his successor. The day's anniversary in the Islamic calendar is celebrated by Shi'ite Muslims as Eid al-Ghadir. At Hudaybiyya, he had opposed the Prophet but had failed in his opposition; this time, however, he had no intention of failing. Sunni Muslims refer to this episode as the "Event of Thursday". Narrated 'Ubaidullah: Ibn 'Abbas used to say, "It was very unfortunate that Allah's Apostle was prevented from writing that statement for them because of their disagreement and noise. Some reports add that following his failure to give his statement, Muhammad said he will instead issue three recommendations to the community.

But, even though Muhammad was unable to write his will because of the commotion, he did get three statements out: When Umar claimed that there was no need for Muhammad's statement since the Muslims had the Qur'an, Ibn Abbas allegedly rushed out crying. It is generally seen as a minor event and a test by Muhammad of the Sahabah (his companions). Sunni Muslims refer to this episode as the "Event of Thursday".

[9], Prise de Jérusalem par Hérode le Grand.jpg, O People! Fiqh is often described as the human understanding and practices of the sharia, that is human understanding of the divine Islamic law as revealed in the Quran and the Sunnah. There he met Ubaidullah ibn Abdullah. This page was last modified on 8 September 2015, at 07:59. Shia writers, such as Al-Shaykh Al-Mufid, suggest that it would have been a direct appointment of Ali as the new leader, while Sunnis such as Al-Baladhuri state that it was to designate Abu Bakr. Instead, the Sahaba were acting upon their own sincere assessments of the situation of Muhammad. Prophet of Islam (Chapter 53; verses 3 and 4), If Umar was right, then Muhammad and Qur’an were "wrong." The Hadith of the pen and paper is a famous Hadith in Islam about an event when the Islamic prophet Muhammad was prevented from writing out his will. Further Sunni's say it was not a matter of disobedience but rather it was Umar's Ijtihad (independent reasoning) in that situation. They said: Allah's Messenger (may peace upon him) is in the state of unconsciousness [yahjur, literal translation: "talking nonsense"; obviously, the Prophet was not unconscious since he was speaking]. The first person to reply was Umar, answering that there was no need for the statement, arguing that Muhammad was ill and that the Muslims had the Qur'an which was sufficient for them.[1]. Sunni Muslims view Umar, the second Rashidun Caliph, in a much more favourable way than Shi'a Muslims, who are of the opinion that he, Abu Bakr and Uthman usurped leadership over Muslims from Ali, Muhammad's son-in-law. One of these hadith quotes Muhammad as saying : I have left with you two things which, if you follow them, you will never go astray: the Book of God and the sunna of His Prophet. It contains 129 verses (āyāt) and is one of the last Medinan surah.

According to one of Ibn Sa'd's sources, two of these were: [4], The third recommendation is absent, with Ibn Sa'd stating that this was either due to Muhammad not mentioning it or that the source had simply forgotten. Shi'as believe that Umar prevented Muhammad from confirming in writing that Ali was the chosen successor. Thus, whereas sharia is considered immutable and infallible by Muslims, fiqh is considered fallible and changeable.

The Hadith of the pen and paper refers to an event where the Islamic prophet Muhammad expressed a wish to issue a statement shortly before his death, but was prevented from doing so. [1], Shias also refer to it as "The Calamity of Thursday" (Arabic Raziyat Yawm al-Khamis). Mindful of the tumults that had occurred after the death of Muhammad, on his deathbed Umar appointed a committee of six men, to choose a new leader. To accept delegations in the same manner he had done. He (the narrator) said that Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Bring me a shoulder blade and ink-pot (or tablet and inkpot), so that I write for you a document (by following which) you would never go astray. Shi'as also refer to it as "The Calamity of Thursday" (Arabic "Raziyat Yawm al-Khamis") Ali Asgher Razwy, a 20th century Shi'a Islamic scholar writes: If Umar was right in his attempts to inhibit the freedom of action of Muhammad, the Messenger of God, then it means that the latter was "wrong." [citation needed], Shias do not claim that all Sahabah were part of a conspiracy. Ali was the cousin and son-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, and a member of the Ahl al-Bayt. But Umar did not countenance this idea. This day have I perfected your religion for you, completed My favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion. It is now for the Muslims to decide if this is the "logic" which appeals to them, and therefore, is acceptable to them. Shi'as also refer to it as "The Calamity of Thursday" (Arabic Raziyat Yawm al-Khamis) (5:3).

The hadith is referenced in both Shi'a and Sunni traditions. The Quran orders Muslims regarding Muhammad, "So take what the Messenger assigns to you". And if he (Muhammad) was "wrong," then it means that Al-Qur’an al-Majid was also "wrong" because it claimed that: Nor does he (Muhammad) say (anything) of (his own) desire. Sunni Islam maintains Abu Bakr to be the first leader after Muhammad on the basis of election. They further speculate that Muhammad refrained from a public written will, seeing the extent of contempt Umar allegedly showed while he was still alive; future rulers might discredit the written will by repeating Umar's words, causing enormous damage to people's ability to take Muhammad seriously on other matters. In his opinion, writing a will was not the right thing for the Prophet of Islam to do.

The so-called “incident of the pen and paper” occurred four days before the Prophet’s death, on a Thursday. 'Umar said, "The Prophet is seriously ill and you have the Qur'an; so the Book of Allah is enough for us." The first person to reply was Umar, answering that there was no need for the statement, arguing that Muhammad was ill and that the Muslims had The book of Allah "Hasabuna Kitaab Allah (the Book of Allah is enough for us)". It is reported that he asked for writing materials so as to issue a statement that would prevent the Muslim nation from "going astray forever". Abu Bakr Abdullah ibn Uthman was a companion and, through his daughter Aisha, a father-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, as well as the first of the Rashidun Caliphs. It is no less than inspiration sent down to him."

Some other arguments the Sunni's use to support their view include:[6]. Sunni and Shi'i Muslims interpret this event and its significance differently, as explicated in the two sections below. It is reported that Muhammad asked for writing materials to write a statement that would prevent the Muslim nation from going astray forever. Ali ibn Abi Talib was a cousin and son-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, who ruled as the fourth caliph from 656 to 661.

Other writers, such as Al-Tabari and Ibn Kathir, also describe the incident in a similar manner.

No one can be sure of what it was the Holy Prophet wanted to write.

Companions of the Prophet or aṣ-ṣaḥābah were the disciples and followers of Muhammad who "saw or met the prophet during his lifetime and were physically in his presence". The event has been summarised very well by Cyril Anderson here and the reader can also refer to another question and its … [3], When Allah's Apostle was on his death-bed and in the house there were some people among whom was 'Umar bin Al-Khattab, the Prophet said, "Come, let me write for you a statement after which you will not go astray." [4], Sunnis tend to view this as Sahih and have included it in Sahih Muslim. Event shortly before the Prophet Muhammad's death, The Companions and the Raziyat Yawm al Khamis. This event is the source of much controversy between Shi'as and Sunnis. The contents of the statement, the manner of the prevention as well as Muhammad's reaction to it are matters of dispute between various sources. It is no less than inspiration sent down to him. Some Sahaba opposed Muhammad's request, while others agreed with it. Islam is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion teaching that there is only one God (Allah) and that Muhammad is His last Messenger. One was enough for him. He was one of Muhammad's cousins and one of the early Qur'an scholars. Then tears began to flow until I saw them on his cheeks as it they were the strings of pearls. If it is Ahl-e-Bayt In the Islamic tradition it refers to the household of Muhammad, and not the household of Ali ibne Abi Talib. So long as you keep hold of them sincerely, you will never go astray after me. The Hadith of the pen and paper is a famous Hadith in Islam about an event when the Islamic prophet Muhammad was prevented from writing out his will.

At-Tawbah, also known as Bara'ah, is the ninth chapter (sūrah) of the Quran. The following passage is cited as evidence: "This day have I perfected your religion for you, completed My favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion."

Husain Mohammad Jafri, a 20th century Shi'a Islamic scholar writes: O People! During this time, the Prophet’s (SAWS) condition gradually deteriorated and he became bedridden. His last wish was to comply with the commandment in the Book of God to write his will and testament. [3], Sa'id b. Jubair reported from Ibn Abbas that he said: Thursday, and what about Thursday?

The Hadith of the pen and paper is a hadith in Islam about an event when the Islamic prophet Muhammad expressed a wish to write something down. [9] Therefore it was not the place of anyone to take matters into their own hands. Muhammad. The hadith of “pen and paper”, or the hadith al-qirtas, is also called the raziyya yawm al-khamis that translates to ‘The Calamity of Thursday’. Qur'an 17:26 is the twenty-sixth verse of Al-Isra, the seventeenth chapter of the Qur'an, which relates to the controversies of the land of Fadak in modern-day Saudi Arabia. Like the rest of his household, Shias claim that Ali is infallible and sinless and is one of The Fourteen Infallibles of the household of Muhammed. [5], The primary narrator here (from whom the narration was later related from) is Ibn Abbas, and at that time he was ten to fifteen years old.[6]. One states that the events occurred while Muhammad was lying with his head in Ali's lap, with the latter being used to convey the request. This period (from Thursday to Monday) during which Muhammad remained with the Companions after this incident was also not utilized to make a will - which, Sunnis argue, confirms that it was not an important document to be written but rather a simple test to know whether the Ummah is aware of the message of the Qur'an. This is the only conclusion to which such a line of argument can lead. He wanted to make it known to the Prophet that he would not follow 'the Two Precious Things '.

In Islamic writings, her name is thus often prefixed by the title "Mother of the Believers", referring to the description of Muhammad's wives in the Qur'an. Muhammad's inheritance is a well-documented and controversial topic, both then and at the present.

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