This book provides essential background for those who would understand how immigration policy came to be so hopelessly in disarray. Once immigration became illegal for other than family members, non-related Chinese entered by elaborating on the original family stories. PDF Send by e-mail 1Impossible Subjects, Mae Ngai’s award-winning essay, explores the origins of new categories of non-citizens shaped by American law and society from 1924 to 1965. At the same time, the past ten years have seen some notable changes in American demography and politics, as well as in the field of immigration history.

Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2003. Her big finish is probably unrealistic, and it brings the book in for a softer landing than her story might warrant. From Colonial Subject to Undesirable Alien: Filipino Migration in the Invisible Empire, Four. Crossing the southern border was a violation of law, while crossing the northern border was an administrative error. .

Although the stories are familiar, Ngai provides a fresh perspective by treating them in the context of the developing concept of illegality by class rather than as an individual. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. .

The underlying assumption was that the equal treatment would be in a white context.

/ColorSpace /DeviceRGB "In the globalized world of the early twenty-first century, when national borders have softened to encourage the movement of capital, information, manufactured goods, and cultural products, the persistence of hardened nationalist immigration policy would seem to demand our attention and critique" (p. 264).

. In 1958 the U.S. Supreme Court upheld the government’s revocation of Clemente Martínez Pérez’s citizenship. 0 Comments. And the establishment of quotas for the western hemisphere also made the likelihood of illegality greater for those newly excluded. Mae Ngai offers a close reading of the legal regime of restriction that commenced in the 1920s—its statutory architecture, judicial genealogies, administrative enforcement, differential treatment of European and non-European migrants, and long-term effects. .

Pp. Having established that the policy was racist from conception, Ngai explores several early cases of exclusion. The impressive compilation of institutional archives has to be noted, some of which previously unstudied, such as the U. The McCarran legislation was a Cold War tool against communism more than it was immigration reform. In 2001 the United States Immigration and Naturalization Service ordered Rosario Hernandez of Garland, Texas, deported to his native Mexico. Mae M. Ngai. The court cases are also used to show how the United States judicial system and the government approached the legality of immigration and assimilation over time.

Henry Hull, the commissioner general of immigration, explained that the Border Patrol did not operate “on the border line” but as far as one hundred miles “back of the line.” The Border Patrol, he said, was “a scouting organization and a pursuit organization.” Officers operate on roads “without warrants and wherever they find an alien they stop him. Ngai is an activist turned scholar, and she writes with passion rarely seen in a reworked dissertation. illegal [immigrants] were stigmatized by negative racial stereotypes and branded as dangerous. As such, the legislative triad has been canonized in history and social science literature as the apotheosis of postwar liberalism, cultural pluralism, and democratic political mobilization: the “climactic achievements of the approach that had emphasized universalist principles” and the “high-water mark in the national consensus of egalitarianism.”².

using the ''Subscribe'' drop-down menu, or by, Visit your institutional library website to log in. It deals with the internment of Americans with Japanese origins in U. Ngai shows how the institutions viewed Japanese Americans as racial children subiects need of democratic tutelage, in a way which is not dissimilar to claims ijpossible black Americans. Ngai creates that possibility, through altering our vision of immigration history, in showing us the constructed and contingent nature of its legal regulation. This book traces the origins of the "illegal alien" in American law and society, explaining why and how illegal migration became the central problem in U.S. immigration policy—a process that profoundly shaped ideas and practices about citizenship, race, and state authority in the twentieth century. Ellis Island controls were administrative. $ (cloth), ISBN. Even as we have allowed legal immigrants, mostly from Europe, through the front door, we have always permitted others, generally people of color, to slip in the back gate to do essential jobs.---Tamar Jacoby, Los Angeles Times Book ReviewMae Ngai's book .

Subscribe to this journal now using the ''Subscribe'' drop-down menu, or by clicking here. Ngai, Mae M., Impossible Subjects: Illegal Aliens and the Making of Modern America, Princeton (NJ), Princeton University Press, 2004,377 pages, ISBN 0-691-07471-2, $ 23.95.

The Johnson-Reed Immigration Act of 1924 was motivated primarily by political concerns over the country’s ethnic and racial composition, but economic factors were still relevant. its reviewers, review editors, and publishing staff. Impossible Subjects: Illegal Aliens and the Making of Modern America, is a Frederick Jackson Turner Award -winning book by historian Mae M. Ngai published by Princeton University Press in 2004.

Attention and critique? /Height 75 . Hernandez, a 39-year-old construction worker, had immigrated to Texas from Guadalajara, Mexico, when he was a teenager.


Another, and perhaps more important for its implications for the future, is the process of pushing the alien first under then outside the law. For example, the Japanese-Americans were U.S. citizens--before, during, and after their internment.

Ngai's book is an extraordinary contribution to U.S. immigration history and a stimulating read.---Dr. An important point is that the act of 1965 retained the exclusionist character of the 1924 legislation. . During this time, commercial agriculture burgeoned, particularly... On February 6, 1937, Carlos Rodesillas, a 36-year-old Filipino from Stockton, California, and his two children, three and six years old, sailed out of San Francisco Bay on the S.S. Hoover. Ngai argues that the process, which occurred in the Progressive Era, was undertaken with a foreordained conclusion and a great deal of deception. Review of Ngai, Mae M., Impossible Subjects: Illegal Aliens and the Making of Modern America. Racism underpinned the supposedly scientific justifications for exclusion. "Immigration Border-Enforcement Myth". After 1965, the "New New Immigrants" flooded into America to a multicultural welcome, at least at first, and again some won the brass ring despite the odds, generating upbeat stories about the golden door and the land of opportunity--but there were few old-style heroic stories in the forty years when the United States tried to live without immigrants.

US border controls are perforated in both the physical and figurative sense. The section on the enforcement of the new laws is vital because it documents the shift from one characterization of the foreigner to the other.


The immigrant now had potential criminal status.

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