Based on the attested forms, the original name is reconstructed in the Frankish language as *Hlodowig, which means 'glorious in battle' or 'glorious warrior'.

As the Clovis people disappeared about 10,000 years ago, it is Christianity did increase in numbers gradually over the next two centuries, and among Constantine’s successors only one, the emperor Julian in the 360s AD, mounted concerted action to … c. 497. BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Bacchic revelry scene from the Villa dei Misteri, Pompeii, Italy His conversion to the Roman Catholic form of Christianity served to set him apart from the other Germanic kings of his time, such as those of the Visigoths and the Vandals, who had converted from Germanic paganism to Arian Christianity. By deciding to be interred at Paris, Clovis gave the city symbolic weight. What is the hink-pink for blue green moray? [48]:140 In contrast to the theory of St. Clovis' cult being a primarily northern-supported movement, Amy Goodrich Remensnyder suggests that St. Clovis was used by Occitans to reject the northern concept of the monarchy and to reinstate their autonomy as something granted by the saint.

Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? This contrasted Nicene Christianity, whose followers believe that God the Father, Jesus, and the Holy Spirit are three persons of one being (consubstantiality). Constantine founded a new city named after himself: Constantinople. How did it happen? [14], In the same year, Clovis convinced Prince Chlodoric to murder his father, earning him his nickname.

Pagans and Christians alike observed this unrest and looked for someone or something, preferably subversive, to blame. Paganism was never, then, a unified, single religion, but a fluid and amorphous collection. 4. Thus under Trajan, it was agreed that although admitting to Christian faith was an offence, ex-Christians should not be prosecuted. Clovis was the son of Childeric I, a Merovingian king of the Salian Franks, and Basina, a Thuringian princess. Although fourth and fifth century AD Christian narratives tend to describe the preceding centuries bitterly as a period of sustained and vicious persecution, there were in fact lulls. [56]:13 The cause for Clovis' canonisation was taken up once again in the Seventeenth Century, with Jesuit support, a vita and an account of posthumous miracles, in opposition to the controversial historical works of Calvinist pastor Jean de Serres who portrayed Clovis as a cruel and bloodthirsty king. Clovis is also significant due to his conversion to Catholicism in 496, largely at the behest of his wife, Clotilde, who would later be venerated as a saint for this act, celebrated today in both the Roman Catholic Church and Eastern Orthodox Church. Contemporary Christians treated Constantine’s conversion as a decisive moment of victory in a cosmic battle between good and evil, even as the end of history, but it was far from that. Start studying World History - Chapter 12 Test. Last updated 2011-02-17. The three armies met near Dijon, where both the Franks and Godegisel's forces defeated the host of dumbfounded Gundobad, who was able to escape to Avignon. [26], In 509, Clovis visited his old ally, Ragnachar in Cambrai. The conversion was the result of either a vision or a dream in which Christ directed him to fight under Christian standards, and his victory apparently assured Constantine in his faith in a new god. [23], In 507 Clovis was allowed by the magnates of his realm to invade the remaining threat of the Kingdom of the Visigoths. Perhaps to divert attention from the rumours, Nero ordered that Christians should be rounded up and killed. In the space of a few hundred years, a small, often brutally persecuted cult rose to become the dominant religion of the West.

And thus Armorica and her fighters were integrated into Frankish realm. A colossal fire broke out at Rome, and destroyed much of the city. During the fighting, the Franks suffered heavy losses and Clovis (+three thousand Frankish companions) might have converted to Christianity. ", https://www.britishmuseum.org/collection/object/P_1865-0610-312, "Clovis I | Biography, Significance, & Facts", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Clovis_I&oldid=985692342, Converts to Christianity from pagan religions, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Pages using infobox royalty with unknown parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2018, Articles needing additional references from September 2013, All articles needing additional references, Articles with German-language sources (de), Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.

Clovis (Latin: Chlodovechus; reconstructed Frankish: *Hlodowig; c. 466 – 27 November 511)[1] was the first king of the Franks to unite all of the Frankish tribes under one ruler, changing the form of leadership from a group of royal chieftains to rule by a single king and ensuring that the kingship was passed down to his heirs. The progress of Christianity was bitty, hesitant, geographically patchy. Clovis had been a king with no fixed capital and no central administration beyond his entourage. [25] But just to be absolutely certain about retaining the loyalties of the Catholics under Visigoths, Clovis ordered his troops to omit raiding and plunder, for this was not a foreign invasion, but a liberation.[24].  ©. However, what was certainly established by the early fourth century was the phenomenon of an emperor adopting and favouring a particular cult. In 486 he began his efforts to expand the realm by allying himself with his relative, Ragnachar, regulus of Cambrai[13] and another Frankish regulus, Chalaric. [13] This battle is viewed as bringing about the end of the rump state of the Western Roman Empire outside of Italy. Christianity in the middle ages dominated the lives of both peasants and the nobility. Paganism may have been effectively eclipsed as an imperial religion, but it continued to pose a powerful political and religious challenge to the Christian church. [28] After his death, Clovis was laid to rest in the Abbey of St Genevieve in Paris.

The very history of Christianity and Judaism in the empire demonstrates that there were limits to how accommodating Roman religion could be, and these were not the only cults to be singled out for persecution. The cults of Bacchus and of Magna Mater had also been suppressed. The Roman kingdom was probably under Clovis' control by 491, because in the same year Clovis successfully moved against a small number of Thuringians in the eastern Gaul, near the Burgundian border. What was different about Constantine’s ‘conversion’ was merely the particular cult to which he turned – the Christ-cult – where previous emperors had sought the support of pagan gods and heroes from Jove to Hercules. But they had to find ways to explain the embarrassing fact that in this new, supposedly Christian city, Constantine had erected pagan temples and statues. Childeric died in 481 and was buried in Tournai; Clovis succeeded him as king, aged just 15. He certainly took advantage of the resulting devastation of the city, building a lavish private palace on part of the site of the fire. Clovis succeeded his father, Childeric I, as a king of Salian Franks within the Roman empire in 481, and eventually came to rule an area extending from what is now the southern Netherlands to northern France, corresponding in Roman terms to Gallia Belgica (northern Gaul). While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. 5. Statue depicting the baptism of Clovis by Saint Remigius. [49]:297 French monarchs, beginning in the Fourteenth Century at the latest, attempted to officially canonise Clovis a number of times.

[11], The death of Flavius Aetius in 454 led to the decline of imperial power in the Gaul; leaving the Visigoths and the Burgundians compete for predominance in the area. Clotilde had wanted her son to be baptized, but Clovis refused, so she had the child baptized without Clovis's knowledge. [19], Around 493 AD, he secured an alliance with the Ostrogoths through the marriage of his sister Audofleda to their king, Theodoric the Great. These later political, linguistic, and cultural entities became the Kingdom of France, the myriad German States, and the semi-autonomous kingdoms of Burgundy and Lotharingia. By his conversion to Christianity he made himself the ally of the papacy and its protector as well as that of the people, who were mostly Catholics. Gigantic head of Constantine in the Capitoline Museum His understanding of Christianity was, at the stage of his conversion, unsophisticated. Secondly, the rise of Christianity to imperial-sponsored dominance in the fourth and fifth centuries, although surprising, was not without precedent, and its spread hardly as inexorable as contemporary Christians portrayed it.

Constantine’s ‘conversion’ poses problems for the historian. In the mid-second-century account of the martyrdom of Polycarp, officials begged Polycarp to say ‘Caesar is Lord’, and to offer incense, to save his life. [4] The adoption by Clovis of Catholicism (as opposed to the Arianism of most other Germanic tribes) led to widespread conversion among the Frankish peoples; to religious unification across what is now modern-day France, Belgium and Germany; three centuries later, to Charlemagne's alliance with the Bishop of Rome; and in the middle of the 10th century under Otto I the Great, to the consequent birth of the early Holy Roman Empire. Does Jerry Seinfeld have Parkinson's disease?

c. 491: Clovis completes the conquest of the kingdom and turns his attention elsewhere. Bacchic revelry scene from the Villa dei Misteri, Pompeii, Italy, Gigantic head of Constantine in the Capitoline Museum.



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